Bidding Models

Information about bidding models for debt and surplus auction keepers

auction-keeper maintains a collection of child processes, as each bidding model is its own dedicated process. New processes (new bidding model instances) are spawned by executing the command passed to --model. These processes are automatically terminated (via SIGKILL) by the keeper shortly after their associated auctions expire.

Whenever the bidding model process dies, it gets automatically respawned by the keeper.


bin/auction-keeper --model '../' [...]

Pass the auction status to each bidding model

auction-keeper communicates with bidding models via their standard input and output. When the auction state changes, the keeper sends a one-line JSON document to the standard input of the bidding model process.

A sample message sent from the keeper to the model looks like:

{"id": "6", "surplus_auction_house": "0xf0afc3108bb8f196cf8d076c8c4877a4c53d4e7c", "bid_amount": "7.142857142857142857", "amount_to_sell": "10000.000000000000000000", "bid_increase": "1.050000000000000000", "high_bidder": "0x00531a10c4fbd906313768d277585292aa7c923a", "block_time": 1530530620, "bid_expiry": 1530541420, "auction_deadline": 1531135256, "price": "1400.000000000000000028"}

Bidding models should never make an assumption that messages will be sent only when auction state changes.

At the same time, the auction-keeper reads one-line messages from the standard output of the bidding model process and tries to parse them as JSON documents. It then extracts two fields from that document:

  • price - the maximum (for debt auctions) or the minimum (for surplus auctions) price

    the model is willing to bid. This value is ignored for fixed discount collateral auctions

  • gasPrice (optional) - gas price in WEI to use when sending the bid

Processing each bidding model output and submitting bids

Sample model output for a debt auction bidding model

A sample message sent from the debt model to the keeper may look like price is PROT/System Coin price.

{"price": "250.0", "gasPrice": 70000000000}

Sample model output for a surplus auction bidding model

A sample message sent from the debt model to the keeper may look like:

price is PROT/System Coin price

{"price": "150.0"}

Any messages written by a bidding model to stderr will be passed through by the keeper to its logs. This is the most convenient way of implementing logging from bidding models.

Currently there's no mechanism that prevents a keeper from bidding at an unprofitable price

Simplest possible bidding model

#!/usr/bin/env bash
while true; do
  echo "{\"price\": \"723.0\"}"
  sleep 120                   

Specifying a gas price is optional. If you want to start with a fixed gas price, you can add it like this:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

while true; do
  echo "{\"price\": \"723.0\", \"gasPrice\": \"70000000000\"}"    # put your desired gas price in Wei here
  sleep 120                                                       # locking the gas price for n seconds

The model produces price(s) for the keeper. After the sleep period, the keeper will restart the price model and read new price(s).

Collateral bidding models

Note: Currently, collateral keepers buy collateral at a fixed discount (specified in the auction house smart contract) and don't bid prices. So they should use a blank model file like this:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
while true; do
  echo "{}"
  sleep 120

Other bidding models

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